Penerangan Inventori Gaya Pembelajaran

(Schmeck, 1983)


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Ujian yang anda ambil tadi menentukan sama anda mempunyai gaya pembelajaran yang elaboratif atau tidak.

Skor yang tinggi dikaitkan dengan gaya pembelajaran yang mengutamakan proses pembelajaran yang kompleks dan elaboratif. Proses pembelajaran yang elaboratif termasuk "deep processing" dan "elaborative processing". Ini bererti usaha digunakan untuk menghubungkan isi pembelajaran dengan aspek linguistik, visual, sensasi dan emosi.

Skor yang rendah dikaitkan dengan gaya pembelajaran yang mengutamakan proses pembelajaran yang rutin dan agak cetek. Biasanya ia berbentuk "fact retention" dan "methodical study".

Kajian menunjukkan bahawa terdapat korelasi di antara pencapai akakemik dengan gaya pembelajaran yang mengutamakan proses elaboratif. Semakin tinggi proses pembelajaran elaboratif, semakin tinggi pencapaian akademik.

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"For some students, simply going to their classes and doing their homework will result in good grades. Other students spend hours reading and writing and rereading and rewriting, only to eke out an average grade. For those who spend so much time toiling over the books, it can be quite frustrating.

"But the time spent in studying isn't the only thing that determines test performance. Two Virginia Tech psychology experts said the amount of studying isn't as important as the quality of the studying.

"Helen Crawford, associate professor of psychology, said, "We do not all study or comprehend information in the same manner."

"Some people tend to think deeply and elaborately while others think in shallow manner. Crawford said studies indicate those who study by simply repeating information over and over again don't do as well on tests as those who evaluate the meanings and associations of what they study.

"Marshall Tessnear, assistant director of University Counseling Services, agreed. 'I think one of the students biggest problems is that they don't read actively,' Tessnear said. 'Instead of just letting the words hit your eyes and hoping they'll land somewhere in your brain, you should ask yourself questions about what you read, as you read it.'

"Tessnear added that comparing sections of notes and text to each other helps the student gain a better understanding of the concepts involved. 'Sometimes the student will get confused because the (test) question is worded differently that what the student is used to. If they just learn the concepts, they don't have to worry about that,' he said.

"Crawford said instead of relying on (just memorizing) ... it is better to study with what is called 'elaborative processing.' She said there are four main types of learning styles: deep processing, elaborative processing, fact retention, and methodical study. The former two are more desirable than the latter two.

"According to Crawford's report, there is a correlation between people who score high on elaborative methods and people with high quality credit averages (QCAs). There is also a connection between those who scored high on methodical study and low-scorers on the American College Testing Assessment scores."

Extracted from an article by Dave Nicks
in the Collegiate Times,Virginia Tech, Friday, October 27, 1989.

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